Canine protothecosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canine protothecosis remains a difficult condition to manage. The paucity of clinical cases hinders the development of successful treatment strategies. The clinical signs associated with the disease are nonspecific, and the course is so insidious that, by the time a definitive diagnosis is reached, the organism has often disseminated throughout the body. At this point, the condition is beyond treatment, and death occurs owing to failure of any number of organ systems, including the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, renal, and central nervous systems. It is of some encouragement that the few patients that have undergone aggressive early treatment have survived longer than patients presenting late in the disease course. Nevertheless, the outlook for any dog with protothecosis is grave, and it remains to be determined whether early diagnosis can truly provide a better long-term prognosis. By including protothecosis as a consideration for dogs initially brought in with a history of chronic diarrhea or acute blindness and with a subsequent finding of exudative retinal separation, early diagnosis is possible. This recognition potentially affords the opportunity for an immune status work-up and intervention with increasingly better treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1101
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Volume30
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000

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Canidae
early diagnosis
dogs
Early Diagnosis
blindness
Dogs
disease course
prognosis
central nervous system
diarrhea
Blindness
Therapeutics
kidneys
death
Diarrhea
Central Nervous System
organisms
Kidney

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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Canine protothecosis. / Hollingsworth, Steven R.

In: Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2000, p. 1091-1101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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