Canine leishmaniasis in Northern California—A case report

Flavio H. Alonso, Demitria M. Vasilatis, Sridhar M. Veluvolu, Jennifer L. Willcox, Breanna M. Scorza, Christine A. Petersen, Amir Kol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 3-year-old dog was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of the University of California-Davis for further evaluation of episodes of epistaxis of 1-year duration and peripheral lymphadenopathy. The patient had a history of atopic dermatitis with no travel history outside of California. Hyperglobulinemia with a polyclonal gammopathy was noted on serum protein electrophoresis. Microscopic evaluation of a bone marrow aspirate sample revealed many free and intra-cellular amastigotes of Leishmania sp. that was further confirmed by qPCR as L infantum. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of canine leishmaniasis in the state of California. The patient is believed to have been vertically infected from the dam who is from Serbia and remained subclinical until presentation. Because the clinical progression of leishmaniasis is variable, it is important that precautions be discussed with owners acquiring puppies with dams from endemic regions of leishmaniasis to prevent zoonotic exposure in states where competent vectors are present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-75
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Clinical Pathology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • bone marrow
  • hyperglobulinemia
  • Leishmania
  • protozoan
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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