Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease

Krystle L. Reagan, Jane E. Sykes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Canine infectious respiratory disease complex (CIRDC) refers to a syndrome of diseases that can be caused by several different bacterial and viral pathogens. These pathogens are often highly contagious, and coinfections are common. Clinical signs are frequently mild and self-limiting; however, some individual cases progress to severe disease. Clinical diagnosis of CIRDC is often based on history of exposure and physical examination findings; however, determining the etiologic agent requires application of specific diagnostic tests, and results can be difficult to interpret because of widespread subclinical infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


  • Bordetella
  • CIRD
  • Kennel cough
  • Parainfluenza virus
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals


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