Cancer prevention and control among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans: Findings and recommendations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer has become the leading cause of death for female Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. Although they have constituted the nation's fastest growing racial/ethnic population for the past two decades and will do so for the foreseeable future, cancer prevention for Asian and Pacific Islanders has been overlooked. The purpose of this review paper is to present a public health context with regard to cancer prevention and control for Asian and Pacific Islander Americans and to recommend action steps. The author employed Milne and Chambers' criteria for assessing the scientific quality of review articles and retrieved articles from systematic searches of four literature databases and other publications to write this review paper. Asian and Pacific Islanders are principally first-generation immigrants, and they are considerably heterogenous in terms of languages used and socioeconomic indicators. Aggregated data paint the appearance of a healthier profile than when data are disaggregated by ethnic group, gender, or immigration history. Inadequacies of data have been documented. Native Hawaiians already experience the highest cancer mortality rates for six sites. Chinese Americans lead with respect to liver cancer deaths. Mortality due to lung cancer will increase even more, because adult male smoking prevalence rates are much higher than those of the mainstream populations. The higher prevalence of hepatitis B among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans point toward even higher rates of liver cancer. Data on Asian and Pacific Islander American health must be collected deliberately and systematically. Ethnically specific data that are categorized further by gender would be most helpful. Effective cancer prevention and control initiatives must incorporate scientific validity, linguistic appropriateness, and cultural competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1856-1864
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume83
Issue number8 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Oct 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Oceanic Ancestry Group
Neoplasms
Liver Neoplasms
Cultural Competency
Paint
Asian Americans
Mortality
Emigration and Immigration
Linguistics
Hepatitis B
Ethnic Groups
Population
Cause of Death
Lung Neoplasms
Language
Public Health
Smoking
Databases
Health

Keywords

  • Asian and Pacific Islander
  • Cancer prevention
  • Hepatitis B
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Cancer prevention and control among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans : Findings and recommendations. / Chen, Moon S.

In: Cancer, Vol. 83, No. 8 SUPPL., 15.10.1998, p. 1856-1864.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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