Cancer health empowerment for living without pain (Ca-HELP): Study design and rationale for a tailored education and coaching intervention to enhance care of cancer-related pain

Richard L Kravitz, Daniel J Tancredi, Richard L. Street, Donna Kalauokalani, Tim Grennan, Theodore Wun, Christina Slee, Dionne Evans Dean, Linda Lewis, Naomi Saito, Peter Franks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cancer-related pain is common and under-treated. This article describes a study designed to test the effectiveness of a theory-driven, patient-centered coaching intervention to improve cancer pain processes and outcomes. Methods/Design: The Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP) Study is an American Cancer Society sponsored randomized trial conducted in Sacramento, California. A total of 265 cancer patients with at least moderate pain severity (Worst Pain Numerical Analog Score >=4 out of 10) or pain-related impairment (Likert score >= 3 out of 5) were randomly assigned to receive tailored education and coaching (TEC) or educationally-enhanced usual care (EUC); 258 received at least one follow-up assessment. The TEC intervention is based on social-cognitive theory and consists of 6 components (assess, correct, teach, prepare, rehearse, portray). Both interventions were delivered over approximately 30 minutes just prior to a scheduled oncology visit. The majority of visits (56%) were audio-recorded for later communication coding. Follow-up data including outcomes related to pain severity and impairment, self-efficacy for pain control and for patient-physician communication, functional status and well-being, and anxiety were collected at 2, 6, and 12 weeks. Discussion: Building on social cognitive theory and pilot work, this study aims to test the hypothesis that a brief, tailored patient activation intervention will promote better cancer pain care and outcomes. Analyses will focus on the effects of the experimental intervention on pain severity and impairment (primary outcomes); self-efficacy and quality of life (secondary outcomes); and relationships among processes and outcomes of cancer pain care. If this model of coaching by lay health educators proves successful, it could potentially be implemented widely at modest cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1471
Pages (from-to)319
Number of pages1
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 9 2009

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Education
Pain
Health
Neoplasms
Self Efficacy
Communication
Health Educators
Patient Participation
Mentoring
Power (Psychology)
Cancer Pain
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Physicians
Costs and Cost Analysis
Social Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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Cancer health empowerment for living without pain (Ca-HELP) : Study design and rationale for a tailored education and coaching intervention to enhance care of cancer-related pain. / Kravitz, Richard L; Tancredi, Daniel J; Street, Richard L.; Kalauokalani, Donna; Grennan, Tim; Wun, Theodore; Slee, Christina; Evans Dean, Dionne; Lewis, Linda; Saito, Naomi; Franks, Peter.

In: BMC Cancer, Vol. 9, 1471, 09.09.2009, p. 319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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