Whether adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) acts as a mediator for luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) in either its immediate LH release action or in its self-priming action was investigated. Pituitary pieces from either proestrous or estrous rats were superfused in vitro in the presence of dibutyryl cAMP [(Bu)2cAMP], 8-bromo-cAMP (8BrcAMP), forskolin, or control for 2-3 h. For proestrous but not estrous pituitary pieces, a slight increase in base-line LH secretion rate occurred at ~70 min of exposure to elevated cAMP; in the same system LHRH caused an increase in LH secretory rate within 2 min in either proestrous or estrous tissue. In contrast to its ineffectiveness as a secretagogue, cAMP elevation resulted in a severalfold augmentation of both LHRH- and elevated K+-induced LH secretion from proestrous but not estrous pituitary pieces; for these experiments, superfusion with a cAMP analogue or forskolin for varying times preceded a 10-min pulse of either 8 nM LHRH or 47 mM K+. Augmentation was evident after 30 min of cAMP elevation; longer exposures were coincident with greater potentiation. Cycloheximide prevented (Bu)2cAMP augmentation of LHRH-induced secretion. These data show that cAMP does not mediate the immediate LH release action of LHRH, but cAMP does augment LHRH- or K+-induced LH secretion with characteristics in common with the self-priming action of LHRH.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 1986|
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