Calu-3

A human airway epithelial cell line that shows cAMP-dependent Cl- secretion

B. Q. Shen, W. E. Finkbeiner, J. J. Wine, R. J. Mrsny, Jonathan Widdicombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

292 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Of 12 cell lines derived from human lung cancers, only Calu-3 cells showed high transepithelial resistance (R(te)) and increases in short-circuit current (I(sc)) in response to mediators. Calu-3 cells formed polarized monolayers with tight junctions and R(te) of ~100 Ω · cm2. Baseline I(sc) was ~35 μA/cm2 and was increased by ~75 μA/cm2 on elevation of intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) by isoproterenol. Flux studies showed that the increase in I(sc) was due to Cl- secretion. Forskolin and permeant analogues of cAMP also increased I(sc). Consistent with the presence of cAMP-dependent Cl- secretion, immunoprecipitation demonstrated the presence of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Bradykinin, methacholine, trypsin, and histamine all transiently (15-30 s) elevated I(sc), probably by increasing intracellular Ca concentration. Experiments in which the basolateral membrane was permeabilized with nystatin indicated that CFTR was substantially activated under baseline conditions and that Ca-activated Cl- channels were absent from the apical membrane. We anticipate that Calu-3 cells will prove useful in the study of Cl- secretion and other functions of human airway epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume266
Issue number5 10-5
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
Epithelial Cells
Cell Line
Nystatin
Membranes
Methacholine Chloride
Tight Junctions
Bradykinin
Colforsin
Isoproterenol
Immunoprecipitation
Cyclic AMP
Trypsin
Histamine
Lung Neoplasms

Keywords

  • cell culture
  • cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Calu-3 : A human airway epithelial cell line that shows cAMP-dependent Cl- secretion. / Shen, B. Q.; Finkbeiner, W. E.; Wine, J. J.; Mrsny, R. J.; Widdicombe, Jonathan.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Vol. 266, No. 5 10-5, 1994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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