Calorie restriction influences key metabolic enzyme activities and markers of oxidative damage in distinct mouse liver mitochondrial sub-populations

Kevork Hagopian, Robert Soo Hoo, José A. López-Domínguez, Jon J Ramsey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims The purpose of the study was to establish if enzyme activities from key metabolic pathways and levels of markers of oxidative damage to proteins and lipids differed between distinct liver mitochondrial sub-populations, and which specific sub-populations contributed to these differences. Main methods Male C57BL/6J mice were fed non-purified diet for one month then separated into two groups, control and calorie-restricted (CR). The two groups were fed semi-purified diet (AIN93G), with the CR group receiving 40% less calories than controls. After two months, enzyme activities and markers of oxidative damage in mitochondria were determined. Key findings In all mitochondrial sub-populations, enzyme activities and markers of oxidative damage, from control and CR groups, showed a pattern of M1 > M3 > M10. Higher acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (β-oxidation) and β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (ketogenesis) activities and lower carbonyl and TBARS levels were observed in M1 and M3 fractions from CR mice. ETC enzyme activities did not show a consistent pattern. In the Krebs cycle, citrate synthase and aconitase activities decreased while succinate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase activities increased in the M1 mitochondria from the CR versus control mice. Significance CR does not produce uniform changes in enzyme activities or markers of oxidative damage in mitochondrial sub-populations, with changes occurring primarily in the heavy mitochondrial populations. Centrifugation at 10,000 g to isolate mitochondria likely dilutes the mitochondrial populations which show the greatest response to CR. Use of lower centrifugal force (3000 g or lower) may be beneficial for some studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)941-948
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Volume93
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2013

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Keywords

  • Electron transport chain
  • Krebs cycle
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Protein carbonyls
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • TBARS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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