Many factors contribute to the well-being of calves on the commercial dairy including housing and environment; nutritional and health programs; handling and caretaker interactions; herd dynamics; and the common management practices of transportation, euthanasia, dehorning, and teat removal. Ensuring and assessing the welfare of calves on commercial dairies is a complex challenge, especially because the terminology and factors contributing to assessing animal welfare in agricultural animals, such as dairy calves, has not been clearly defined within the scientific community.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Veterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals