Calf Welfare

Carolyn Stull, Jim Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Many factors contribute to the well-being of calves on the commercial dairy including housing and environment; nutritional and health programs; handling and caretaker interactions; herd dynamics; and the common management practices of transportation, euthanasia, dehorning, and teat removal. Ensuring and assessing the welfare of calves on commercial dairies is a complex challenge, especially because the terminology and factors contributing to assessing animal welfare in agricultural animals, such as dairy calves, has not been clearly defined within the scientific community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals


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