Based on cell culture and studies in mice, increased dietary calcium appears to stimulate lipolysis and could possibly reduce body adiposity through hormonal influences on adipocyte calcium uptake. In this study, we investigated the effects of 1,500 mg supplemental calcium daily for 3 months on hormones regulating calcium and energy metabolism and rates of lipid oxidation and lipolysis in overweight women. Fifteen overweight (BMI > 25 kg/m2) premenopausal women were supplemented with 1,500 mg of calcium, as CaCO 3, per day for 3 months while maintaining their usual diets and activity levels. Baseline and endpoint measurements were obtained after the subjects consumed a standardized 25% fat diet for 4 days. Lipid oxidation was measured by indirect calorimetry, lipolysis by infusion of deuterated glycerol, and body fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Urinary calcium, circulating levels of hormones involved in energy and lipid metabolism (insulin, leptin, and adiponectin) or calcium metabolism (25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)2D), and parathyroid hormone (PTH)) were also measured. Urinary levels of calcium (P = 0.005) increased and 1,25(OH)2D declined (P = 0.03). However other parameters, including body weight, body fat, PTH, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, 25(OH)D, as well as rates of lipid oxidation and lipolysis were not altered by calcium supplementation. Calcium supplementation for 3 months increased urinary calcium excretion, decreased circulating levels of 1,25(OH)2-D, but had no effect on rates of lipid oxidation or lipolysis, in these overweight women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics