Voltage patch-clamp experiments at the whole-vacuole and single-channel levels were employed to study the retrieval of Ca2+ from vacuoles into the cytoplasm in sugar beet cell (Beta vulgaris L.) suspension cultures. Channels allowing the movement of Ca2+ out of the vacuole were identified at physiological conditions of pH, vacuolar membrane potential, and vacuole/cytoplasm Ca2+ concentrations. The operation of the channel was voltage dependent and inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate insensitive and displayed high selectivity for Ca2+ ions. These channels bear similarities to the dihydropyridine-sensitive L-type Ca2+ channels from animal cells. Bay K-8644, an agonist, increased the frequency of channel openings, whereas nifedipine, an antagonist, reduced the channel activity. Both effects were elicited only from the vacuolar side of the channel. Channel activities were also inhibited by verapamil, La3+, and cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentrations higher than 1 × 10-6 M. The modulation of the channel currents by cytoplasmic Ca2+ would suggest the role of these channels in triggering the initiation of signal transduction processes in plant cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Aug 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science