Calcium Feedback to cGMP Synthesis Strongly Attenuates Single-Photon Responses Driven by Long Rhodopsin Lifetimes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rod photoreceptors generate amplified, reproducible responses to single photons via a G protein signaling cascade. Surprisingly, genetic perturbations that dramatically alter the deactivation of the principal signal amplifier, the GPCR rhodopsin (R&z.ast;), do not much alter the amplitude of single-photon responses (SPRs). These same perturbations, when crossed into a line lacking calcium feedback regulation of cGMP synthesis, produced much larger alterations in SPR amplitudes. Analysis of SPRs from rods with and without feedback reveal that the consequences of trial-to-trial fluctuations in R&z.ast; lifetime in normal rods are also dampened by feedback regulation of cGMP synthesis. Thus, calcium feedback trumps the mechanisms of R&z.ast; deactivation in determining the SPR amplitude, attenuating responses arising from longer R&z.ast; lifetimes to a greater extent than those arising from shorter ones. As a result, rod SPRs achieve a more stereotyped amplitude, a characteristic considered important for reliable transmission through the visual system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-382
Number of pages13
JournalNeuron
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Calcium Feedback to cGMP Synthesis Strongly Attenuates Single-Photon Responses Driven by Long Rhodopsin Lifetimes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this