Disruption of the gastric mucosal barrier with resultant increased acid back-diffusion leads to a marked increase in gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF). This increase in GMBF is blocked by ablation of capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons. The gastric arterioles are densely innervated by afferent neurons containing vasodilator peptides, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) being the most potent of these. We investigated (a) whether CGRP is the vasodilator mediator released by acid stimulation of capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons and (b) whether the resultant hyperemia protects against the acid-induced mucosal injury. When the stomach was perfused with 0.15N HCl plus 15% ethanol, GMBF significantly increased by 70%. This hyperemic response was completely blocked by intra-arterial infusion of human CGRP8-37 (500 pmol/min), a CGRP-receptor antagonist, close to the stomach. With the blockade of the hyperemic response to acid back-diffusion, gross and histological mucosal damage were significantly aggravated. It is concluded that CGRP mediates the gastric hyperemic response to acid back-diffusion and that this gastric hyperemic response is an important protective factor against acid-induced injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Issue number||4 PART 1|
|State||Published - 1992|
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