Caffeine modification of kindled amygdaloid seizures

Timothy E Albertson, R. M. Joy, L. G. Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rats were kindled during exposure to caffeine (50 mg/kg) or saline given IP twenty minutes before daily electrical stimulation of the amygdala until 3 kindled amygdaloid seizures (KAS) occured. They were then stimulated for 3 days without drug pretreatment followed by 5 additional days with drug pretreatment. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the number of daily stimulations or in the total seconds of cumulative afterdischarge (AD) needed to reach the first KAS. During kindling, the daily average AD tended to be longer in the caffeine treated group. This difference became significant (>200% saline) when the KAS was reached. When KAS animals were stimulated without caffeine pretreatment, the average AD returned to control lengths. When put back on caffeine pretreatment, the average AD was again increased. Caffeine (6-50 mg/kg, IP) was also evaluated in previously kindled rats using suprathreshold (400 μAMP) and threshold (20 μA increments) seizures. Caffeine had no consistent effect on threshold values. However, 12-50 mg/kg of caffeine increased seizure severity and AD durations after threshold stimulation. With suprathreshold stimulation, the length of the AD was significantly increased only after the highest dose of caffeine. It would appear that caffeine lengthens induced afterdischarges both during the acquisition phase of kindling and in the fully kindled subject. Caffeine does not appear to lower seizure thresholds or increase the rate of aquisition of the KAS in the doses tested in this model. It is postulated that caffeine may modify the KAS through an inhibition of the mechanisms which terminate the elicited AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

Keywords

  • Caffeine
  • Kindled amggdaloid
  • Limbic system
  • Rat
  • Seizure
  • Seizure threshold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

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