Cadaveric fascia lata pubovaginal slings: Early results on safety, efficacy and patient satisfaction

I. K. Walsh, T. Nambirajan, S. M. Donellan, V. Mahendra, Anthony R Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To prospectively evaluate and quantify the efficacy of cadaveric fascia lata (CFL) as an allograft material in pubovaginal sling placement to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Patients and methods: Thirty-one women with SUI (25 type II and six type III; mean age 63 years, range 40-75) had a CFL pubovaginal sling placed transvaginally. The operative time, blood loss, surgical complications and mean hospital stay were all documented. Before and at 4 months and 1 year after surgery each patient completed a 3-day voiding diary and validated voiding questionnaires (functional inquiry into voiding habits, Urogenital Distress Inventory and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, including visual analogue scales). Results: The mean (range) operative time was 71 (50-120) min, blood loss 78.7 (20-250) mL and hospital stay 1.2 (1-2) days; there were no surgical complications. Over the mean follow-up of 13.5 months, complete resolution of SUI was reported by 29 (93%) patients. Overactive bladder symptoms were present in 23 (74%) patients before surgery, 21 (68%) at 4 months and two (6%) at 1 year; 80% of patients with low (< 15 cmH2 O) voiding pressures before surgery required self-catheterization afterward, as did 36% at 4 months, but only one (3%) at 1 year. Twenty-four (77%) patients needed to adopt specific postures to facilitate voiding. After surgery there was a significant reduction in daytime frequency, leakage episodes and pad use (P < 0.05). The severity of leak and storage symptoms was also significantly less (P < 0.002), whilst the severity of obstructive symptoms remained unchanged. Mean subjective levels of improvement were 69% at 4 months and 85% at 1 year, with corresponding objective satisfaction levels of 61% and 69%, respectively. At 1 year, ≈ 80% of the patients said they would undergo the procedure again and/or recommend it to a friend. Conclusion: Placing a pubovaginal sling of CFL allograft is a highly effective, safe surgical approach for resolving SUI, with a short operative time and rapid recovery. Storage symptoms are significantly improved, and subjective improvement and satisfaction rates are high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-419
Number of pages5
JournalBJU International
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Cadaveric fascia lata
  • Pubovaginal sling
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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