Bronchiectasis: Sex and gender considerations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations


Bronchiectasis in women may act more virulently. Identified gender and sex differences range from increased exposure risks to altered inflammatory responses. Common among the most well-documented examples is a differential immune response. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that chronic airway infection, most notably non-CF bronchiectasis, is a more common and more virulent disease in women. This is particularly evident in CF- and non-HIV-related environmental mycobacterial respiratory tract infections. Whether this represents an inflammatory-immune process, or environmental, anatomic, or other genetic difference remains to be detailed fully.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-372
Number of pages12
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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