Bronchiectasis: Sex and gender considerations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Bronchiectasis in women may act more virulently. Identified gender and sex differences range from increased exposure risks to altered inflammatory responses. Common among the most well-documented examples is a differential immune response. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that chronic airway infection, most notably non-CF bronchiectasis, is a more common and more virulent disease in women. This is particularly evident in CF- and non-HIV-related environmental mycobacterial respiratory tract infections. Whether this represents an inflammatory-immune process, or environmental, anatomic, or other genetic difference remains to be detailed fully.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-372
Number of pages12
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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