Broadening the deception construct

Robert Hopper, Robert A Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


This essay argues for an enlarged conceptualization of deception. A multidimensional scaling of similarity judgments of forty-six deception-related terms identified a number of aspects underlying the construct. They included evaluation, detectability, and premeditation. The elicited terms were subjected to a hierarchical cluster analysis, which revealed six families of deception: Fictions, playings, lies, crimes, masks, and unlies. Implications of these results were explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-302
Number of pages15
JournalQuarterly Journal of Speech
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Communication


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