Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity

Candace K. McClure, Eleanor Schwarz, Molly B. Conroy, Ping G. Tepper, Imke Janssen, Kim C. Sutton-Tyrrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Women gain visceral fat during pregnancy. Studies examining the impact of breastfeeding on maternal body composition are inconclusive. We examined the extent to which breastfeeding was associated with visceral adiposity in a sample of US women. This was a cross-sectional analysis of 351 women aged 45-58 years, who were free of clinical cardiovascular disease and had not used oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy in the 3 months prior to enrollment in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN)-Heart Study (2001-2003). History of breastfeeding was self-reported. Computed tomography was used to assess abdominal adiposity. Among premenopausal/early-peri-menopausal mothers, those who never breastfed had 28% greater visceral adiposity (95% confidence interval (CI): 11-49, P = 0.001), 4.7% greater waist-hip ratio (95% CI: 1.9-7.4, P 0.001), and 6.49 cm greater waist circumference (95% CI: 3.71-9.26, P 0.001) than mothers who breastfed all of their children for 3 months in models adjusting for study site; age; parity; years since last birth; socioeconomic, lifestyle, and family history variables; early adult BMI; and current BMI. In comparison to women who were nulliparous, mothers who breastfed all of their children for 3 months had similar amounts of visceral fat (P 0.05). In contrast, premenopausal/early-peri-menopausal mothers who had never breastfed had significantly greater visceral adiposity (42% (95% CI: 17-70), P 0.001), waist circumference (6.15 cm (95% CI: 2.75-9.56), P 0.001), and waist-hip ratio (3.7% (95% CI: 0.69-6.8), P = 0.02) than nulliparous women. No significant relationships were observed among late peri-menopausal/ postmenopausal women. In conclusion, until menopause, mothers who did not breastfeed all of their children for 3 months exhibit significantly greater amounts of metabolically active visceral fat than mothers who had breastfed all of their children for 3 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2205-2213
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Adiposity
Breast Feeding
Mothers
Confidence Intervals
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Waist-Hip Ratio
Waist Circumference
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Women's Health
Oral Contraceptives
Menopause
Parity
Body Composition
Life Style
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Tomography
Parturition
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

McClure, C. K., Schwarz, E., Conroy, M. B., Tepper, P. G., Janssen, I., & Sutton-Tyrrell, K. C. (2011). Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity. Obesity, 19(11), 2205-2213. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2011.185

Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity. / McClure, Candace K.; Schwarz, Eleanor; Conroy, Molly B.; Tepper, Ping G.; Janssen, Imke; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim C.

In: Obesity, Vol. 19, No. 11, 01.11.2011, p. 2205-2213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McClure, CK, Schwarz, E, Conroy, MB, Tepper, PG, Janssen, I & Sutton-Tyrrell, KC 2011, 'Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity', Obesity, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 2205-2213. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2011.185
McClure CK, Schwarz E, Conroy MB, Tepper PG, Janssen I, Sutton-Tyrrell KC. Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity. Obesity. 2011 Nov 1;19(11):2205-2213. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2011.185
McClure, Candace K. ; Schwarz, Eleanor ; Conroy, Molly B. ; Tepper, Ping G. ; Janssen, Imke ; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim C. / Breastfeeding and subsequent maternal visceral adiposity. In: Obesity. 2011 ; Vol. 19, No. 11. pp. 2205-2213.
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