Breast cancer metastasis to intramammary lymph nodes

Karen K Lindfors, D. B. Kopans, K. A. McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Metastatic disease to the intramammary lymph nodes from breast cancer may be seen mammographically. In the four cases reviewed, the affected intramammary lymph nodes were enlarged (1 cm or greater in diameter), homogeneous, and well circumscribed. All lacked the lucent center or hilar notch characteristic of benign intramammary nodes. Differentiation of malignant from benign causes of intramammary lymph node enlargement, such as inflammation or hyperplasia, is impossible by mammography. Biopsy is recommended for all intramammary lymph nodes of 1 cm or greater that are not fat infiltrated unless the patient clearly has an associated dermatitis or mastitis. Metastatic disease to the intramammary lymph nodes may be the first clinical and/or mammographic sign of breast cancer and may significantly affect prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-136
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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