Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)

J. A. Pineda, T. C. Holmes, Diane Swick, S. L. Foote

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts included significant decreases in latency with increasing intensity for peaks I-IV and increases in latency with increases in repetition rate for peaks III, V, and VI. Inter-peak intervals were similar to those observed in human. Furthermore, ketamine anesthesia significantly delayed the latencies of most peaks (except I, V, and VII). Some differences between monkey and human BAEPs were evident in the relative amplitude of specific peaks. For example, peak V is typically most prominent in human, while this was true for peak III in monkey. The similarities between unanesthetized monkey and human inter-peak intervals suggest that the times required for impulses to reach particular brain-stem areas are conserved across primate species that vary in brain size. This supports the hypothesis that comparably numbered BAEP peaks in monkey and human index homologous processes. The data also suggest that the differences between animal and human BAEPs commonly reported may result from the use of anesthetics. In summary, unanesthetized monkey BAEPs resemble human BAEPs in morphology, number of peaks, polarity, latency variability, inter-peak intervals, slow potentials superimposed on the high-frequency peaks, and variations in morphology, amplitude, and resolution of peaks as a function of recording site. Thus, unanesthetized monkey BAEPs may be an excellent model for investigating the neural substrates of human BAEP or for determining species differences in acoustic processing among primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-543
Number of pages12
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

Keywords

  • Brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP)
  • Intensity
  • Inter-peak interval
  • Ketamine
  • Repetition rate
  • Unanesthetized monkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this