Bursa of Fabricius is the humoral immune system for B cell differentiation and antibody production. Bursopentine (BP5) is a novel immunomodulatory peptide and significantly stimulated an antigen-specific immune response in mice. BP5 was also found to protect LPS-activated murine peritoneal macrophages from oxidative stress. In this study, the effects of BP5 on B cell development were examined. The results suggested that BP5 markedly promoted B cell development by increasing CFU-pre B, and affected the redox homeostasis regulation of B cells. To study the molecular mechanism of effect of bursal-derived BP5, this research utilized 2D-E and MALDI-TOF/TOF to analyze the differentially expressed proteins of BP5-treated WEHI-231 cells. The results showed that BP5 affected the redox homeostasis regulation of WEHI-231 cells and induced alterations in the protein expression profiles related to the oxidoreduction coenzyme metabolic process, precursor metabolites and energy, proteolysis, RNA splicing and translation and cellular process, respectively. BP5 also induced glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity, an essential anti-oxidant cofactor. We found that the redox homeostasis regulation effect of BP5 was reduced in G6PD-deficient cells. These data suggested that BP5 affected the redox balance toward reducing conditions by promoting the expression of G6PD, which in turn regulated the glutathione redox cycle and other processes.
- Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Organic Chemistry