Resting bovine platelets contain a microtubule coil which reorganizes into linear arrays upon thrombin activation. Microtubule arrays in both resting and activated platelets are extensively cross-linked. In an effort to determine the proteins responsible for this cross-linking, we have developed a method to isolate taxol-stabilized microtubule coils directly from platelet-rich plasma. Negatively stained coils are still cross-linked, and fine filamentous projections are seen between adjacent microtubules. Critical-point-dried rotary shadowed replicas of these coils most clearly demonstrate the projections radiating from individual microtubules as well as along the microtubule coil. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDSPAGE) analysis of isolated coils shows many microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) present in addition to tubulin. One of these proteins, a 280 kDa MAP, cross-reacts with an antibody to bovine brain MAP 2 by immunoblot analysis. Immunofluorescence localization of this protein with both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies demonstrates that it is associated with the microtubule coil in resting platelets and with the linear microtubule array present after thrombin activation. Immunoelectron microscopic localization demonstrates that projections from individual microtubules are labeled by the antibodies. We suggest that this MAP, along with several other potential MAPs, is responsible for the cross-linking and stability of bovine platelet microtubules.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||European Journal of Cell Biology|
|State||Published - 1991|
- Marginal bands
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology