Borrelia sp. in ticks recovered from white-tailed deer in Alabama.

S. Luckhart, G. R. Mullen, L. A. Durden, J. C. Wright

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30 Scopus citations


Six hundred sixty-five hunter-killed white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from 18 counties in Alabama (USA) were examined for ticks. Most of the collections were made at state-operated wildlife management areas. Four species of ticks (n = 4,527) were recovered: the lone star tick Amblyomma americanum (n = 482); the Gulf Coast tick A. maculatum (n = 11); the winter tick Dermacentor albipictus (n = 1,242); and the black-legged tick Ixodes scapularis (n = 2,792). Fifty-six percent of the ticks (n = 2,555) were examined for Borrelia sp. spirochetes using an immunofluorescent, polyclonal antibody assay. Spirochetes were detected in I. scapularis (five females, seven males) from Barbour, Butler, Coosa, and Lee counties and A. americanum (four males, four nymphs) from Hale, Lee, and Wilcox counties. Area-specific prevalences in ticks were as high as 3.3% for I. scapularis and 3.8% for A. americanum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-452
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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