Bone mineral density measurements and association with brain structure and cognitive function the framingham offspring cohort

Maria Stefanidou, Adrienne O'Donnell, Jayandra J. Himali, Charles DeCarli, Claudia Satizabal, Alexa S. Beiser, Sudha Seshadri, Tan Zaldy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bone mineral density (BMD) is a potential surrogate marker of lifetime estrogen exposure previously linked to increased risk of Alzheimer dementia among elderly women. We examine the association between BMD in the “young old” with imaging biomarkers of brain aging and cognitive performance. Methods: Offspring participants (N = 1905, mean age 66) of a population-based cohort who had BMD, brain imaging and detailed cognitive assessment were included in the study. Sex-stratified, linear, and logistic regression models were used for analysis. Results: Higher femoral neck BMD was associated with lower white matter hyperintensity burden and better performance on Trails B-A in both sexes, even after adjustment for cerebrovascular risk factors. Among women, the positive association with Trails B-A performance was seen only in APOE4 allele carriers. Higher BMD measurements were linked to better visual reproductions test performance in men. Finally, among women, higher femoral trochanter BMD was associated with better logical memory and Hooper visual organization test performance. Conclusion: Among the “young old,” higher BMD is associated with less white matter hyperintensity burden and better, domain-specific, cognitive performance. This suggests that lifetime estrogen exposure may modulate the degree of cumulative vascular brain injury independent of cerebrovascular risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAlzheimer disease and associated disorders
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Cognitive function
  • Executive function
  • MRI
  • Verbal memory
  • Visual memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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