Bone mineral density and turnover following forelimb immobilization and recovery in young adult dogs

Nancy E Lane, A. J. Kaneps, Susan M Stover, G. Modin, D. B. Kimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this experiment was to study changes in bone mass, structure, and turnover in the canine forelimb after unilateral immobilization and recovery. The right forelimbs of 14 adult mongrel dogs were immobilized for 16 weeks. Six dogs served as controls. Seven immobilized and three control dogs were euthanized at the end of the immobilization period. Recovery consisted of 16 weeks of kenel confinement followed by 16 weeks of treadmill exercise. Seven once-immobilized and three control dogs were euthanized at the end of the recovery period. Bone mineral density of both the proximal (PBMD) and central (CBMD) radius was determined by dual X- ray absorptiometry. Standard histomorphometric endpoints for bone mass and turnover were determined in the cancellous bone of the proximal radius. After immobilization, PBMD, CBMD, and trabecular thickness were lower in the immobilized limb than in either the contralateral or control limbs (P<0.05). Only CBMD remained significantly lower (P<0.05) after recovery. At the end of immobilization, bone formation endpoints were significantly higher in the immobilized limb than both the contralateral and control limbs. Bone turnover was also significantly lower in the contralateral limb than in the immobilized and control limbs. After recovery, all differences in bone turnover had resolved. Immobilization of 16 weeks duration caused an elevation in cancellous bone formation rate and reduced bone density in both cortical and cancellous bone. After 32 weeks of recovery, turnover abnormalities disappeared, cancellous bone normalized, but cortical bone mass remained low. Recovery of cortical bone from immobilization takes longer than recovery of cancellous bone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalCalcified Tissue International
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1996

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Cancellous bone
  • Cortical bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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