Bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an early cellular target of pathogenic and nonpathogenic isolates of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac) in rhesus macaques

C. P. Mandell, N. C. Jain, Chris J Miller, Satya Dandekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic abnormalities are a common complication of human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans. However, the pathogenesis of these abnormalities remains unclear. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques is a well-recognized animal model for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Our previous studies have determined that in early SlY infection, rhesus macaques develop peripheral blood and bone marrow pathologic changes within the first 14 days after intravenous inoculation. Further investigations were initiated to determine the onset of bone marrow viral infection and the identity of in vivo viral cellular targets in bone marrow during the primary phase of infection in macaques infected with three different swains of SIVmac. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Rhesus macaques experimentally infected with pathogenic uncloned biologic SIVmac, molecularly cloned pathogenic SIVmac-239, or nonpathogenic SIVmac-1A11 were studied at 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation. Bone marrow samples taken at necropsy were examined to identify early in vivo cellular targets of SIVmac in bone marrow and to correlate hematopathologic lesions with viral infection. In the first 2 weeks after intravenous inoculation, cellular targets of vital infection were identified by a combined in situ hybridization/immunohistochemical technique; changes in bone marrow monocyte/macrophage and CD3+ T lymphocyte populations were evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques. RESULTS: SIV- infected monocyte/macrophages were detected on days 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation in bone marrow of all monkeys regardless of the viral isolate, whereas only a few SIV-infected CD3+ T lymphocytes were detected in 5 of 18 monkeys. The bone marrow morphologic changes associated with acute SIV infection included macrophage hyperplasia and apparent macrophage activation, diminution of bone marrow T lymphocytes, appearance of lymphoid aggregates, and myeloid and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an important early cellular target in SIV infection regardless of viral pathogenicity and in vitro cellular tropism. SIV-infected bone marrow monocyte/macrophages may play a key role in the pathogenesis of bone marrow lesions and further dissemination and persistence of virus infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-333
Number of pages11
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume72
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
Macaca mulatta
Monocytes
Bone Marrow
Macrophages
Virus Diseases
T-Lymphocytes
Hyperplasia
Haplorhini
Infection
Tropism
Macrophage Activation
Macaca
In Situ Hybridization
Virulence
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Animal Models

Keywords

  • cell tropism
  • Hematology
  • in situ hybridization
  • myeloid hyperplasia
  • T lymphocytes
  • virus localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

@article{8a3244d5b93446a6a01fbaf19dc95084,
title = "Bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an early cellular target of pathogenic and nonpathogenic isolates of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac) in rhesus macaques",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic abnormalities are a common complication of human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans. However, the pathogenesis of these abnormalities remains unclear. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques is a well-recognized animal model for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Our previous studies have determined that in early SlY infection, rhesus macaques develop peripheral blood and bone marrow pathologic changes within the first 14 days after intravenous inoculation. Further investigations were initiated to determine the onset of bone marrow viral infection and the identity of in vivo viral cellular targets in bone marrow during the primary phase of infection in macaques infected with three different swains of SIVmac. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Rhesus macaques experimentally infected with pathogenic uncloned biologic SIVmac, molecularly cloned pathogenic SIVmac-239, or nonpathogenic SIVmac-1A11 were studied at 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation. Bone marrow samples taken at necropsy were examined to identify early in vivo cellular targets of SIVmac in bone marrow and to correlate hematopathologic lesions with viral infection. In the first 2 weeks after intravenous inoculation, cellular targets of vital infection were identified by a combined in situ hybridization/immunohistochemical technique; changes in bone marrow monocyte/macrophage and CD3+ T lymphocyte populations were evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques. RESULTS: SIV- infected monocyte/macrophages were detected on days 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation in bone marrow of all monkeys regardless of the viral isolate, whereas only a few SIV-infected CD3+ T lymphocytes were detected in 5 of 18 monkeys. The bone marrow morphologic changes associated with acute SIV infection included macrophage hyperplasia and apparent macrophage activation, diminution of bone marrow T lymphocytes, appearance of lymphoid aggregates, and myeloid and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an important early cellular target in SIV infection regardless of viral pathogenicity and in vitro cellular tropism. SIV-infected bone marrow monocyte/macrophages may play a key role in the pathogenesis of bone marrow lesions and further dissemination and persistence of virus infection.",
keywords = "cell tropism, Hematology, in situ hybridization, myeloid hyperplasia, T lymphocytes, virus localization",
author = "Mandell, {C. P.} and Jain, {N. C.} and Miller, {Chris J} and Satya Dandekar",
year = "1995",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "323--333",
journal = "Laboratory Investigation",
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T1 - Bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an early cellular target of pathogenic and nonpathogenic isolates of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac) in rhesus macaques

AU - Mandell, C. P.

AU - Jain, N. C.

AU - Miller, Chris J

AU - Dandekar, Satya

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic abnormalities are a common complication of human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans. However, the pathogenesis of these abnormalities remains unclear. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques is a well-recognized animal model for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Our previous studies have determined that in early SlY infection, rhesus macaques develop peripheral blood and bone marrow pathologic changes within the first 14 days after intravenous inoculation. Further investigations were initiated to determine the onset of bone marrow viral infection and the identity of in vivo viral cellular targets in bone marrow during the primary phase of infection in macaques infected with three different swains of SIVmac. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Rhesus macaques experimentally infected with pathogenic uncloned biologic SIVmac, molecularly cloned pathogenic SIVmac-239, or nonpathogenic SIVmac-1A11 were studied at 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation. Bone marrow samples taken at necropsy were examined to identify early in vivo cellular targets of SIVmac in bone marrow and to correlate hematopathologic lesions with viral infection. In the first 2 weeks after intravenous inoculation, cellular targets of vital infection were identified by a combined in situ hybridization/immunohistochemical technique; changes in bone marrow monocyte/macrophage and CD3+ T lymphocyte populations were evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques. RESULTS: SIV- infected monocyte/macrophages were detected on days 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation in bone marrow of all monkeys regardless of the viral isolate, whereas only a few SIV-infected CD3+ T lymphocytes were detected in 5 of 18 monkeys. The bone marrow morphologic changes associated with acute SIV infection included macrophage hyperplasia and apparent macrophage activation, diminution of bone marrow T lymphocytes, appearance of lymphoid aggregates, and myeloid and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an important early cellular target in SIV infection regardless of viral pathogenicity and in vitro cellular tropism. SIV-infected bone marrow monocyte/macrophages may play a key role in the pathogenesis of bone marrow lesions and further dissemination and persistence of virus infection.

AB - BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic abnormalities are a common complication of human immunodeficiency virus infection in humans. However, the pathogenesis of these abnormalities remains unclear. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques is a well-recognized animal model for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Our previous studies have determined that in early SlY infection, rhesus macaques develop peripheral blood and bone marrow pathologic changes within the first 14 days after intravenous inoculation. Further investigations were initiated to determine the onset of bone marrow viral infection and the identity of in vivo viral cellular targets in bone marrow during the primary phase of infection in macaques infected with three different swains of SIVmac. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Rhesus macaques experimentally infected with pathogenic uncloned biologic SIVmac, molecularly cloned pathogenic SIVmac-239, or nonpathogenic SIVmac-1A11 were studied at 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation. Bone marrow samples taken at necropsy were examined to identify early in vivo cellular targets of SIVmac in bone marrow and to correlate hematopathologic lesions with viral infection. In the first 2 weeks after intravenous inoculation, cellular targets of vital infection were identified by a combined in situ hybridization/immunohistochemical technique; changes in bone marrow monocyte/macrophage and CD3+ T lymphocyte populations were evaluated by immunohistochemical techniques. RESULTS: SIV- infected monocyte/macrophages were detected on days 3, 7, and 14 days postinoculation in bone marrow of all monkeys regardless of the viral isolate, whereas only a few SIV-infected CD3+ T lymphocytes were detected in 5 of 18 monkeys. The bone marrow morphologic changes associated with acute SIV infection included macrophage hyperplasia and apparent macrophage activation, diminution of bone marrow T lymphocytes, appearance of lymphoid aggregates, and myeloid and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that bone marrow monocyte/macrophages are an important early cellular target in SIV infection regardless of viral pathogenicity and in vitro cellular tropism. SIV-infected bone marrow monocyte/macrophages may play a key role in the pathogenesis of bone marrow lesions and further dissemination and persistence of virus infection.

KW - cell tropism

KW - Hematology

KW - in situ hybridization

KW - myeloid hyperplasia

KW - T lymphocytes

KW - virus localization

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