Blood flow to brown fat in lean and obese adrenalectomized Zucker rats

S. J. Wickler, Barbara A Horwitz, J. S. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Zucker obese rat is characterized by decreased capacity for diet-induced and for nonshivering thermogenesis. This decrease is due, in large part, to reduced thermogenesis in depots of brown adipose tissue, a major source of heat production in rats. Adrenalectomy retards the weight gain observed in the obese rats and also normalizes brown fat guanosine 5'-diphosphate (GDP) binding, an in vitro measure of brown fat thermogenic capacity. This study examined the effect of adrenalectomy on brown fat blood flow, an in vivo measure of the tissue's function, and on norepinephrine-induced O2 consumption (NST) of 11-wk-old obese (fa/fa) and lean (Fa/?) rats. Adrenalectomy had little effect on weight gain, NST, or norepinephrine-stimulated blood flow to brown fat in lean rats. However, adrenalectomy produced profound changes in the obese animals, preventing the weight gain normally occurring in the obese rats and normalizing both NST capacity and norepinephrine-stimulated blood flow to brown fat. These findings provide further support for the importance of brown fat thermogenesis and glucocorticoids in modulating the obesity of the Zucker rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume251
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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