Blockade of adenosine receptors with aminophylline limits ischemic preconditioning in human beings.

Saul Schaefer, S. D. Correa, R. J. Valente, L. J. Laslett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is characterized by the limitation of infarct size or ischemic signs after one or more brief episodes of ischemia, a process that probably involves stimulation of adenosine receptors. One human model of ischemic preconditioning is repetitive occlusion of a coronary artery during angioplasty. By using this method of inducing ischemia, we tested the hypothesis that blockade of adenosine receptors with aminophylline would abolish ischemic preconditioning in human beings. METHODS: Twenty-six patients undergoing angioplasty were randomly assigned to receive either aminophylline (6 mg/kg IV) or placebo before repetitive coronary occlusion (two 2-minute occlusions separated by 5 minutes). ST-segment changes on the surface electrocardiogram were used as a measure of myocardial ischemia. Serum theophylline levels and the conduction response to an intravenous bolus of adenosine were used to assess the efficacy of adenosine receptor blockade. RESULTS: Repetitive coronary occlusion resulted in a reduction in ST-segment shift in 9 of 13 patients given placebo. In contrast, 9 of 13 patients receiving aminophylline had an increase in ST-segment shift on the second occlusion (P =.002). Patients receiving aminophylline (mean serum theophylline level of 8.38 +/- 0.45 mg/dL) did not have significant conduction block with intravenous adenosine. CONCLUSIONS: Repetitive coronary occlusion reduces the signs of ischemia in human beings, a process limited by blockade of adenosine receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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