Biochemically and topographically engineered poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels with biomimetic characteristics as substrates for human corneal epithelial cells

B. Yañez-Soto, S. J. Liliensiek, Christopher J Murphy, P. F. Nealey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Incorporation of biophysical and biochemical cues into the design of biomaterials is an important strategy for tissue engineering, the design of biomedical implants and cell culture. Hydrogels synthesized from poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) were investigated as a platform to simultaneously present human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) in vitro with topography and adhesion peptides to mimic the native physical and chemical attributes of the basement membrane underlying the epithelium in vivo. Hydrogels synthesized from aqueous solutions of 20% PEGDA (Mw = 3400 g/mol) prevented nonspecific cell adhesion and were functionalized with the integrin-binding peptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) in concentrations from 5 to 20 mM. The hydrogels swelled minimally after curing and were molded with ridge and groove features with lateral dimensions from 200 to 2000 nm and 300-nm depth. HCECs were cultured on topographic surfaces functionalized with RGD and compared with control unfunctionalized topographic substrates. HCEC alignment, either parallel or perpendicular to ridges, was influenced by the culture media on substrates promoting nonspecific attachment. In contrast, the alignment of HCECs cultured on RGD hydrogels showed substantially less dependence on the culture media. In the latter case, the moldable RGD-functionalized hydrogels allowed for decoupling the cues from surface chemistry, soluble factors, and topography that simultaneously impact HCEC behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1194
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume101 A
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Biomimetic material
  • Epithelial cell
  • Hydrogel
  • Nanotopography
  • Polyethylene glycol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Biochemically and topographically engineered poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels with biomimetic characteristics as substrates for human corneal epithelial cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this