Bioassays of compounds with potential juvenoid activity on Drosophila melanogaster: Juvenile hormone III, bisepoxide juvenile hormone III and methyl farnesoates

Lawrence G. Harshman, Ki Duck Song, Josephina Casas, A. Schuurmans, Eichii Kuwano, Stephen D. Kachman, Lynn M. Riddiford, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Metabolites of the 6,7,10,11 bisepoxide juvenile hormone III (JHB3), and other potential juvenoids, were tested for juvenile hormone activity using early instar or early stage pupae of Drosophila melanogaster. Importantly, methyl farnesoates were tested as they might have JH-like activity on Dipteran juveniles. Larvae were exposed to compounds in medium, or the compounds were applied to white puparia. In the assays employed in the present study, there was no indication for JH activity associated with the metabolites of JHB3. The activity of methyl farnesoate (MF) was higher than that of JH III and far greater than bisepoxide JH III. As opposed to the two endogenous juvenile hormones, methyl farnesoate has weak activity in the white puparial bioassay. When fluorinated forms of methyl farnesoate, which is unlikely to be converted to JH, were applied to Drosophila medium to which fly eggs were introduced, there was a high degree of larval mortality, but no evidence of subsequent mortality at the pupal stage. One possible explanation for the results is that methyl farnesoate is active as a hormone in larval stages, but has little activity at the pupal stage where only juvenile hormone has a major effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1465-1470
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2010



  • Bioassay
  • Bisepoxide juvenile hormone
  • Drosophila
  • Juvenile hormone
  • Methyl farnesoate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

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