PURPOSE: To use radiography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging after contrast material opacification of the bursae n cadaveric specimens to demonstrate the anatomy of the bicipitoradial bursa and to report MR imaging findings in patients with bicipitoradial bursitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bicipitoradial bursa in eight cadaveric elbows were injected with a solution containing gadodiamide, iodinated contrast agent, and gelatin. Radiographs and MR images were obtained in each specimen, with both supination and pronation of the forearm. The morphology and relationships of the bursa were studied. Anatomic sections subsequently were obtained. MR imaging studies in eight patients with bicipitoradial bursitis were also evaluated. RESULTS: The bicipitoradial bursa revealed a smooth outline and a wide base along the superficial aspect of the radius. The mean volume of contrast material that could be injected before extravasation was 4 mL. The mean size of the bursa was 1.8 x 2.5 cm. The bicipitoradial bursa enveloped the biceps tendon, with internal septation seen in two cases. Displacement of the superficial branch of the radial nerve by the bursa was found in two specimens. Communication between the bicipitoradial bursa-and elbow joint was not observed. In patients, MR imaging demonstrated fluid collections in the bicipitoradial bursa in all cases, with compression of branches of the radial nerve in two cases. CONCLUSION: The anatomy of the bicipitoradial bursa is demonstrated with radiography and MR imaging of bursae. MR imaging allows accurate diagnosis of bicipitoradial bursitis an its effects on adjacent structures.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jul 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology