R-loops represent an abundant class of large non-B DNA structures in genomes. Even though they form transiently and at modest frequencies, interfering with R-loop formation or dissolution has significant impacts on genome stability. Addressing the mechanism(s) of R-loop-mediated genome destabilization requires a precise characterization of their distribution in genomes. A number of independent methods have been developed to visualize and map R-loops, but their results are at times discordant, leading to confusion. Here, we review the main existing methodologies for R-loop mapping and assess their limitations as well as the robustness of existing datasets. We offer a set of best practices to improve the reproducibility of maps, hoping that such guidelines could be useful for authors and referees alike. Finally, we propose a possible resolution for the apparent contradictions in R-loop mapping outcomes between antibody-based and RNase H1-based mapping approaches.
- DNA hybrid
- RNase H1
- S9.6 antibody
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)