Benefit cost scenarios of potential oral rabies vaccination for skunks in California

Stephanie A. Shwff, Ray T. Sterner, Robert Hale, Michele T Jay-Russell, Ben Sun, Dennis Slate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Scenario-based analyses were computed for benefits and costs linked with hypothetical oral rabies vaccination (ORV) campaigns to contain or eliminate skunk-variant rabies in skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in California, USA. Scenario 1 assumed baiting eight zones (43, 388 km2 total) that comprised 73% of known skunk rabies locations in the state. Scenario 2 also assumed baiting these eight zones, but further assumed that added benefits would result from preventing the spread of skunk-variant rabies into Los Angeles County, USA. Scenarios assumed a fixed bait cost ($1.24 each) but varied campaigns (one, two and three annual ORV applications), densities of baits (37.5/km 2, 75/km2 and 150/km2), levels of prevention (50%, 75%, and 100%), and contingency expenditures if rabies recurred (20%, 40%, and 60% of campaign costs). Prorating potential annual benefits during a 12-yr time orizon yielded benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) between 0.16 and 2.91 and between 0.34 and 6.35 for Scenarios 1 and 2, respectively. Economic issues relevant to potentially managing skunk-variant rabies with ORV are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-233
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Benefit-cost analysis
  • California
  • Economics
  • Oral vaccination
  • Rabies
  • Skunks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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