BCR/ABL Oncogene

M. Madden Felicella, Kuang-Yu Jen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The BCR/ABL oncogene is the product of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, the derivative (22q) product of a balanced translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, t(9;22) (q34.1;q11.21). The BCR/ABL gene fusion is the genetic signature of the hematologic malignancy chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). It is also present in a smaller subset of predominantly adult onset B cell-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), where it confers a poor prognosis when treated with standard chemotherapy. Expression of the BCR/ABL fusion protein results in constitutively activated tyrosine phosphorylation of many cellular proteins with subsequent activation of a large number of cell signaling pathways, ultimately leading to neoplastic transformation. CML has been successfully treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib, although increasing problems with acquired resistance to the inhibitor has led to alternate related drug therapies. Recently, studies have shown high rates of complete remission with the addition of imatinib to treatment protocols for Ph-positive B-ALL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBrenner's Encyclopedia of Genetics
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages313-315
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780080961569
ISBN (Print)9780123749840
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 27 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Imatinib
  • Inhibitors
  • Myeloproliferative
  • Philadelphia chromosome
  • Tyrosine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Madden Felicella, M., & Jen, K-Y. (2013). BCR/ABL Oncogene. In Brenner's Encyclopedia of Genetics: Second Edition (pp. 313-315). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374984-0.00144-3