BAYLISASCARIS PROCYONIS LARVA MIGRANS in TWO CAPTIVE NORTH AMERICAN BEAVERS (CASTOR CANADENSIS)

Isabelle Desprez, Michael J. Yabsley, Susan B. Fogelson, Jill A Hicks, Renee Barber, Izidora Sladakovic, Scott A. Secrest, Stephen J. Divers, Jörg Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans was diagnosed in two North American beavers (Castor canadensis) belonging to a zoological park in Clarke County, Georgia. Both beavers presented with neurological signs. One beaver died naturally and despite attempted treatment, the other beaver was euthanatized because of severe clinical signs and poor prognosis. Histologic evaluation of the beavers revealed evidence of parasitic migration characterized by several lesions, including eosinophilic granulomas in various organs, as well as necrotizing eosinophilic and lymphoplasmacytic to granulomatous polioencephalitis, leukoencephalitis and cervical leukomyelitis. This represents the first confirmed case of B. procyonis larva migrans in beaver and the first non-raccoon (Procyon lotor) host in the southeastern United States. This report highlights the need for clinicians and diagnosticians to consider baylisascariasis in animals with compatible clinical signs. Preventative measures should be considered for captive animals, because early diagnosis of B. procyonis is challenging, and treatment is often unrewarding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-236
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ascaridoidea
Baylisascaris procyonis
Larva Migrans
larva migrans
Castor canadensis
Castoridae
Rodentia
captive animals
Raccoons
Procyon lotor
Southeastern United States
early diagnosis
Eosinophilic Granuloma
granuloma
zoos
lesions (animal)
prognosis
Early Diagnosis
animals

Keywords

  • Baylisascaris procyonis
  • beaver
  • Castor canadensis
  • larva migrans
  • Procyon lotor
  • raccoon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

BAYLISASCARIS PROCYONIS LARVA MIGRANS in TWO CAPTIVE NORTH AMERICAN BEAVERS (CASTOR CANADENSIS). / Desprez, Isabelle; Yabsley, Michael J.; Fogelson, Susan B.; Hicks, Jill A; Barber, Renee; Sladakovic, Izidora; Secrest, Scott A.; Divers, Stephen J.; Mayer, Jörg.

In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 232-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Desprez, I, Yabsley, MJ, Fogelson, SB, Hicks, JA, Barber, R, Sladakovic, I, Secrest, SA, Divers, SJ & Mayer, J 2017, 'BAYLISASCARIS PROCYONIS LARVA MIGRANS in TWO CAPTIVE NORTH AMERICAN BEAVERS (CASTOR CANADENSIS)', Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 232-236. https://doi.org/10.1638/2016-0102.1
Desprez, Isabelle ; Yabsley, Michael J. ; Fogelson, Susan B. ; Hicks, Jill A ; Barber, Renee ; Sladakovic, Izidora ; Secrest, Scott A. ; Divers, Stephen J. ; Mayer, Jörg. / BAYLISASCARIS PROCYONIS LARVA MIGRANS in TWO CAPTIVE NORTH AMERICAN BEAVERS (CASTOR CANADENSIS). In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 232-236.
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