Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids

Bruno B Chomel, Rickie W. Kasten, Jennifer B. Henn, Sophie Molia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bartonella are vector-borne, fastidious Gram-negative bacteria causing persistent bacteremia in their reservoir hosts. Felids represent a major reservoir for several Bartonella species. Domestic cats are the main reservoir of B. henselae, the agent of cat-scratch disease. Prevalence of infection is highest in warm and humid climates that are optimal for the survival of cat fleas, as fleas are essential for the transmission of the infection. Flea feces are the likely infectious substrate. Prevalence of B. henselae genotypes among cat populations varies worldwide. Genotype Houston I is more prevalent in the Far East and genotype Marseille is dominant in western Europe, Australia, and the western United States. Cats are usually asymptomatic, but uveitis, endocarditis, neurological signs, fever, necrotic lesions at the inoculation site, lymphadenopathy, and reproductive disorders have been reported in naturally or experimentally infected cats. Domestic cats are also the reservoir of B. clarridgeiae and co-infection has been demonstrated. B. koehlerae has been isolated from domestic cats, and was identified in cat fleas and associated with a human endocarditis case. B. bovis was isolated from a few cats in the United States and B. quintana DNA was recently identified in a cat tooth. Bartonella spp. have also been isolated from free-ranging and captive wild felids from North America and Africa. Whereas, B. henselae was identified in African lions and a cheetah, some strains specific to these wild cats have also been identified, leading to the concept of a K. henselae group including various subspecies, as previously described for B. vinsonii.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Pages410-415
Number of pages6
Volume1078
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1078
ISSN (Print)00778923
ISSN (Electronic)17496632

Fingerprint

Bartonella Infections
Bacteria
Cats
DNA
Substrates
Bartonella
Ctenocephalides
Siphonaptera
Genotype
Endocarditis
Acinonyx
Cat-Scratch Disease
Lions
Northern Africa
Western Australia
Infectious Disease Transmission
Far East
Uveitis
Bacteremia
North America

Keywords

  • Bartonella
  • Domestic cats
  • Wild cats
  • Wild felids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Chomel, B. B., Kasten, R. W., Henn, J. B., & Molia, S. (2006). Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Vol. 1078, pp. 410-415). (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1078). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1374.080

Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids. / Chomel, Bruno B; Kasten, Rickie W.; Henn, Jennifer B.; Molia, Sophie.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1078 2006. p. 410-415 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1078).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Chomel, BB, Kasten, RW, Henn, JB & Molia, S 2006, Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids. in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. vol. 1078, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1078, pp. 410-415. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1374.080
Chomel BB, Kasten RW, Henn JB, Molia S. Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1078. 2006. p. 410-415. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1374.080
Chomel, Bruno B ; Kasten, Rickie W. ; Henn, Jennifer B. ; Molia, Sophie. / Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 1078 2006. pp. 410-415 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences).
@inproceedings{156359f0993941d5a856b608118ca45e,
title = "Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids",
abstract = "Bartonella are vector-borne, fastidious Gram-negative bacteria causing persistent bacteremia in their reservoir hosts. Felids represent a major reservoir for several Bartonella species. Domestic cats are the main reservoir of B. henselae, the agent of cat-scratch disease. Prevalence of infection is highest in warm and humid climates that are optimal for the survival of cat fleas, as fleas are essential for the transmission of the infection. Flea feces are the likely infectious substrate. Prevalence of B. henselae genotypes among cat populations varies worldwide. Genotype Houston I is more prevalent in the Far East and genotype Marseille is dominant in western Europe, Australia, and the western United States. Cats are usually asymptomatic, but uveitis, endocarditis, neurological signs, fever, necrotic lesions at the inoculation site, lymphadenopathy, and reproductive disorders have been reported in naturally or experimentally infected cats. Domestic cats are also the reservoir of B. clarridgeiae and co-infection has been demonstrated. B. koehlerae has been isolated from domestic cats, and was identified in cat fleas and associated with a human endocarditis case. B. bovis was isolated from a few cats in the United States and B. quintana DNA was recently identified in a cat tooth. Bartonella spp. have also been isolated from free-ranging and captive wild felids from North America and Africa. Whereas, B. henselae was identified in African lions and a cheetah, some strains specific to these wild cats have also been identified, leading to the concept of a K. henselae group including various subspecies, as previously described for B. vinsonii.",
keywords = "Bartonella, Domestic cats, Wild cats, Wild felids",
author = "Chomel, {Bruno B} and Kasten, {Rickie W.} and Henn, {Jennifer B.} and Sophie Molia",
year = "2006",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1196/annals.1374.080",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "1573316393",
volume = "1078",
series = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
pages = "410--415",
booktitle = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Bartonella infection in domestic cats and wild felids

AU - Chomel, Bruno B

AU - Kasten, Rickie W.

AU - Henn, Jennifer B.

AU - Molia, Sophie

PY - 2006/10

Y1 - 2006/10

N2 - Bartonella are vector-borne, fastidious Gram-negative bacteria causing persistent bacteremia in their reservoir hosts. Felids represent a major reservoir for several Bartonella species. Domestic cats are the main reservoir of B. henselae, the agent of cat-scratch disease. Prevalence of infection is highest in warm and humid climates that are optimal for the survival of cat fleas, as fleas are essential for the transmission of the infection. Flea feces are the likely infectious substrate. Prevalence of B. henselae genotypes among cat populations varies worldwide. Genotype Houston I is more prevalent in the Far East and genotype Marseille is dominant in western Europe, Australia, and the western United States. Cats are usually asymptomatic, but uveitis, endocarditis, neurological signs, fever, necrotic lesions at the inoculation site, lymphadenopathy, and reproductive disorders have been reported in naturally or experimentally infected cats. Domestic cats are also the reservoir of B. clarridgeiae and co-infection has been demonstrated. B. koehlerae has been isolated from domestic cats, and was identified in cat fleas and associated with a human endocarditis case. B. bovis was isolated from a few cats in the United States and B. quintana DNA was recently identified in a cat tooth. Bartonella spp. have also been isolated from free-ranging and captive wild felids from North America and Africa. Whereas, B. henselae was identified in African lions and a cheetah, some strains specific to these wild cats have also been identified, leading to the concept of a K. henselae group including various subspecies, as previously described for B. vinsonii.

AB - Bartonella are vector-borne, fastidious Gram-negative bacteria causing persistent bacteremia in their reservoir hosts. Felids represent a major reservoir for several Bartonella species. Domestic cats are the main reservoir of B. henselae, the agent of cat-scratch disease. Prevalence of infection is highest in warm and humid climates that are optimal for the survival of cat fleas, as fleas are essential for the transmission of the infection. Flea feces are the likely infectious substrate. Prevalence of B. henselae genotypes among cat populations varies worldwide. Genotype Houston I is more prevalent in the Far East and genotype Marseille is dominant in western Europe, Australia, and the western United States. Cats are usually asymptomatic, but uveitis, endocarditis, neurological signs, fever, necrotic lesions at the inoculation site, lymphadenopathy, and reproductive disorders have been reported in naturally or experimentally infected cats. Domestic cats are also the reservoir of B. clarridgeiae and co-infection has been demonstrated. B. koehlerae has been isolated from domestic cats, and was identified in cat fleas and associated with a human endocarditis case. B. bovis was isolated from a few cats in the United States and B. quintana DNA was recently identified in a cat tooth. Bartonella spp. have also been isolated from free-ranging and captive wild felids from North America and Africa. Whereas, B. henselae was identified in African lions and a cheetah, some strains specific to these wild cats have also been identified, leading to the concept of a K. henselae group including various subspecies, as previously described for B. vinsonii.

KW - Bartonella

KW - Domestic cats

KW - Wild cats

KW - Wild felids

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845708972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33845708972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1196/annals.1374.080

DO - 10.1196/annals.1374.080

M3 - Conference contribution

C2 - 17114749

AN - SCOPUS:33845708972

SN - 1573316393

SN - 9781573316392

VL - 1078

T3 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

SP - 410

EP - 415

BT - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

ER -