Bartonella in dogs and fleas from Tulancingo, Hidalgo, Mexico

B. Z. Tobar, W. D. Lapsley, W. L. Swain, D. A. Jaffe, A. Aguilar Setien, G. Galvez-Romero, C. Obregon-Morales, J. I. Olave-Leyva, B. B. Chomel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bartonella sp. infection is quite common in free-roaming dogs in many tropical countries. However, limited information is available of the presence of these pathogens in Mexico. The present study looked at prevalence of Bartonella exposure and/or infection in dogs and their fleas in Central Mexico. Blood samples were collected from 31 stray dogs in August 2014 at the municipal pound, Tulancingo, Mexico, as well as fleas on 26 of them. Bartonella seropositivity was 46.9%, including 35.5% for Bartonella henselae, 45% for Bartonella clarridgeiae and 32.2% for Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Three (9.7%) dogs were polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for the Bartonella gltA gene. Partial sequencing of that gene revealed that these three dogs were infected with B. henselae. In total, 86 fleas were collected from 26 dogs (range 1–9 fleas per dog), including 52 Ctenocephalides felis and 34 Ctenocephalides canis. Of 40 pools of fleas (20 pools of C. canis and 20 pools of C. felis), five (12.5%) were PCR positive for the Bartonella sp. gltA gene, including three C. canis pools (five fleas) and two C. felis pools (three fleas). All sequences showed 99.25% to 100% homology with B. henselae Houston I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Bartonella henselae
  • Ctenocephalides canis
  • Ctenocephalides felis
  • dogs
  • fleas
  • Mexico

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science

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    Tobar, B. Z., Lapsley, W. D., Swain, W. L., Jaffe, D. A., Setien, A. A., Galvez-Romero, G., Obregon-Morales, C., Olave-Leyva, J. I., & Chomel, B. B. (Accepted/In press). Bartonella in dogs and fleas from Tulancingo, Hidalgo, Mexico. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mve.12438