Bartonella henselae in small Indian mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) from Grenada, West Indies

David A. Jaffe, Bruno B Chomel, Rickie W. Kasten, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Ricardo G. Maggi, Ashleigh McLeish, Ulrike Zieger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many mammals are established hosts for the vector borne bacterial genus, Bartonella. Small Indian mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) have only been reported as a possible host for Bartonella henselae in southern Japan. Confirming Bartonella presence in mongooses from other regions in the world may support their role as potential reservoirs of this human pathogen. Specifically, documenting Bartonella in Caribbean mongooses would identify a potential source of zoonotic risk with mongoose-human contact in the New World. Using serological and molecular techniques, we investigated B. henselae DNA and specific antibody prevalence in 171 mongooses from all six parishes in Grenada, West Indies. Almost a third (32.3%, 54/167) of the tested mongooses were B. henselae seropositive and extracted DNA from 18/51 (35.3%) blood pellets were PCR positive for the citrate synthase (gltA) and/or the β subunit of RNA polymerase (rpoB) genes. All sequences were identical to B. henselae genotype I, as previously reported from Japan. This study confirms the role of small Indian mongooses as a natural reservoir of B. henselae in the New World.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-122
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume216
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Bartonella henselae
  • Grenada Island
  • Herpestes auropunctatus
  • Small Indian mongoose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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