Balit's syndrome in Alzheimer's disease: specific disruption of the occipito-parietal visual pathway

Partrick R. Hof, Constantin Bouras, Jean Constandinidis, John Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

155 Scopus citations


Previous quantitative neurophathologic analysis have shown that the association cortices of the temporal and frontal lobes are more damaged than the visual regions of the occipital lobe in Alzheimer's disease. In the present paper, we report on a subpopulation of Alzhieimer's disease patients presenting a visual defect referred to as Balint's syndrome, and displaying a global caudal shift in pathology. Balint's syndrome is a defect in visuospatial skills, and the distribution of pathology suggests that the connections underlying this functional component of the visual system are devasted, whereas they are normally spared in Alzheimer's disease. These results suggests that multiple subtypes of Alzheimer's disease exist with differential distribution of pathology and corresponding neurologic symptommatology, and that neuritic plaque and neurofibrillary tangle formation involve the loss of specific corticocortical projections associated with specific functional deficits and identifiable neurologic syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-375
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 31 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Corticocortical connection
  • Human brain
  • Neurodegenerative disorder
  • Quantitative neuroanatomy
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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