Bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities from odontogenic abscesses in rabbits

48 cases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched from 2000 through 2014 for records of client-owned rabbits with positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. Data reviewed included sex, age, abscess location, sampling technique, previous antimicrobial treatments, microorganisms identified and antibiotic susceptibility of aerobic bacteria. Forty-eight client owned rabbits with one or more odontogenic abscesses and culture results were evaluated. One hundred and eighty-five isolates (52 aerobic, 133 anaerobic) were identified from 61 positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. The most common aerobic bacterial isolates were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14/52), Pasteurella species (10/52), Streptococcus species (8/52) and Staphylococcus species (7/52). The most common anaerobic bacterial isolates were Fusobacterium species (36/133), Peptostreptococcus species (27/133) and Bacteroides species (27/133). Mixed aerobic and anaerobic isolates were detected in 73.3 per cent of cultures and 50.8 per cent of the samples had greater than three isolates. P aeruginosa was susceptible to amikacin and gentamicin, had variable resistance to enrofloxacin, and resistance to chloramphenicol. Pasteurella species, Streptococcus species and Staphylococcus species isolates were susceptible to most antibiotics tested. The bacterial isolates from rabbit odontogenic abscesses are a mixture of aerobic and anaerobic Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms and without culture and susceptibility testing, it is difficult to predict appropriate antimicrobial treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Record
Volume181
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2017

Fingerprint

abscess
Abscess
anti-infective agents
rabbits
Rabbits
Pasteurella
Streptococcus
Staphylococcus
Peptostreptococcus
antibiotics
Fusobacterium
Chloramphenicol Resistance
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Animal Hospitals
amikacin
Aerobic Bacteria
Bacteroides
Amikacin
enrofloxacin
gentamicin

Keywords

  • culture
  • odontogenic
  • oryctolagus cuniculus
  • rabbit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities from odontogenic abscesses in rabbits: 48 cases",
abstract = "The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched from 2000 through 2014 for records of client-owned rabbits with positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. Data reviewed included sex, age, abscess location, sampling technique, previous antimicrobial treatments, microorganisms identified and antibiotic susceptibility of aerobic bacteria. Forty-eight client owned rabbits with one or more odontogenic abscesses and culture results were evaluated. One hundred and eighty-five isolates (52 aerobic, 133 anaerobic) were identified from 61 positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. The most common aerobic bacterial isolates were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14/52), Pasteurella species (10/52), Streptococcus species (8/52) and Staphylococcus species (7/52). The most common anaerobic bacterial isolates were Fusobacterium species (36/133), Peptostreptococcus species (27/133) and Bacteroides species (27/133). Mixed aerobic and anaerobic isolates were detected in 73.3 per cent of cultures and 50.8 per cent of the samples had greater than three isolates. P aeruginosa was susceptible to amikacin and gentamicin, had variable resistance to enrofloxacin, and resistance to chloramphenicol. Pasteurella species, Streptococcus species and Staphylococcus species isolates were susceptible to most antibiotics tested. The bacterial isolates from rabbit odontogenic abscesses are a mixture of aerobic and anaerobic Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms and without culture and susceptibility testing, it is difficult to predict appropriate antimicrobial treatment.",
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author = "Sara Gardhouse and David Guzman and Paul-Murphy, {Joanne R} and Byrne, {Barbara A} and Michelle Hawkins",
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AU - Gardhouse, Sara

AU - Guzman, David

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AU - Byrne, Barbara A

AU - Hawkins, Michelle

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