Bacillary Hemoglobinuria

Mauricio Navarro, Fernando Dutra Quintela, Francisco A Uzal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bacillary hemoglobinuria (BH), also known as red water disease, is a highly acute and usually fatal disease that occurs mostly in pasture-grazing cattle. This chapter discusses the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and control of BH. BH is caused by Clostridium haemolyticum, a Gram-positive, motile, and sporulated rod. Carcasses of animals dying of BH present with dehydration, varying degrees of jaundice, and the perineal region and tail soiled with dark, liquid feces. A presumptive clinical diagnosis of BH can be made based on the history and clinical signs, including the sudden onset of disease in animals usually grazing in liver-fluke-infested areas, and the production of red urine, anemia, and high body temperature that rapidly drops. Procaine penicillin G is the antibiotic treatment of choice but is unlikely to be effective in affected animals because of the acuteness of the disease process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClostridial Diseases in Animals
Publisherwiley
Pages265-274
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781118728291
ISBN (Print)9781118728406
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 2016

Fingerprint

Hemoglobinuria
hemoglobinuria
Clostridium haemolyticum
Penicillin G Procaine
grazing
procaine
liver flukes
Fasciola hepatica
jaundice
Herbivory
benzylpenicillin
Clostridium
animal diseases
Jaundice
Body Temperature
Dehydration
Feces
anemia
body temperature
etiology

Keywords

  • Bacillary hemoglobinuria
  • C. haemolyticum
  • Pasture-grazing cattle
  • Procaine penicillin G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Navarro, M., Quintela, F. D., & Uzal, F. A. (2016). Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. In Clostridial Diseases in Animals (pp. 265-274). wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118728291.ch22

Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. / Navarro, Mauricio; Quintela, Fernando Dutra; Uzal, Francisco A.

Clostridial Diseases in Animals. wiley, 2016. p. 265-274.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Navarro, M, Quintela, FD & Uzal, FA 2016, Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. in Clostridial Diseases in Animals. wiley, pp. 265-274. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118728291.ch22
Navarro M, Quintela FD, Uzal FA. Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. In Clostridial Diseases in Animals. wiley. 2016. p. 265-274 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118728291.ch22
Navarro, Mauricio ; Quintela, Fernando Dutra ; Uzal, Francisco A. / Bacillary Hemoglobinuria. Clostridial Diseases in Animals. wiley, 2016. pp. 265-274
@inbook{edc15b67fb1b49d896ad0cbbfe3f6536,
title = "Bacillary Hemoglobinuria",
abstract = "Bacillary hemoglobinuria (BH), also known as red water disease, is a highly acute and usually fatal disease that occurs mostly in pasture-grazing cattle. This chapter discusses the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and control of BH. BH is caused by Clostridium haemolyticum, a Gram-positive, motile, and sporulated rod. Carcasses of animals dying of BH present with dehydration, varying degrees of jaundice, and the perineal region and tail soiled with dark, liquid feces. A presumptive clinical diagnosis of BH can be made based on the history and clinical signs, including the sudden onset of disease in animals usually grazing in liver-fluke-infested areas, and the production of red urine, anemia, and high body temperature that rapidly drops. Procaine penicillin G is the antibiotic treatment of choice but is unlikely to be effective in affected animals because of the acuteness of the disease process.",
keywords = "Bacillary hemoglobinuria, C. haemolyticum, Pasture-grazing cattle, Procaine penicillin G",
author = "Mauricio Navarro and Quintela, {Fernando Dutra} and Uzal, {Francisco A}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1002/9781118728291.ch22",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781118728406",
pages = "265--274",
booktitle = "Clostridial Diseases in Animals",
publisher = "wiley",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Bacillary Hemoglobinuria

AU - Navarro, Mauricio

AU - Quintela, Fernando Dutra

AU - Uzal, Francisco A

PY - 2016/4/8

Y1 - 2016/4/8

N2 - Bacillary hemoglobinuria (BH), also known as red water disease, is a highly acute and usually fatal disease that occurs mostly in pasture-grazing cattle. This chapter discusses the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and control of BH. BH is caused by Clostridium haemolyticum, a Gram-positive, motile, and sporulated rod. Carcasses of animals dying of BH present with dehydration, varying degrees of jaundice, and the perineal region and tail soiled with dark, liquid feces. A presumptive clinical diagnosis of BH can be made based on the history and clinical signs, including the sudden onset of disease in animals usually grazing in liver-fluke-infested areas, and the production of red urine, anemia, and high body temperature that rapidly drops. Procaine penicillin G is the antibiotic treatment of choice but is unlikely to be effective in affected animals because of the acuteness of the disease process.

AB - Bacillary hemoglobinuria (BH), also known as red water disease, is a highly acute and usually fatal disease that occurs mostly in pasture-grazing cattle. This chapter discusses the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, and control of BH. BH is caused by Clostridium haemolyticum, a Gram-positive, motile, and sporulated rod. Carcasses of animals dying of BH present with dehydration, varying degrees of jaundice, and the perineal region and tail soiled with dark, liquid feces. A presumptive clinical diagnosis of BH can be made based on the history and clinical signs, including the sudden onset of disease in animals usually grazing in liver-fluke-infested areas, and the production of red urine, anemia, and high body temperature that rapidly drops. Procaine penicillin G is the antibiotic treatment of choice but is unlikely to be effective in affected animals because of the acuteness of the disease process.

KW - Bacillary hemoglobinuria

KW - C. haemolyticum

KW - Pasture-grazing cattle

KW - Procaine penicillin G

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018979139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018979139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9781118728291.ch22

DO - 10.1002/9781118728291.ch22

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781118728406

SP - 265

EP - 274

BT - Clostridial Diseases in Animals

PB - wiley

ER -