B cells promote hepatic inflammation, biliary cyst formation, and salivary gland inflammation in the NOD.c3c4 model of autoimmune cholangitis

Yuki Moritoki, Masanobu Tsuda, Koichi Tsuneyama, Weici Zhang, Katsunori Yoshida, Zhe Xiong Lian, Guo Xiang Yang, William M. Ridgway, Linda S. Wicker, Aftab A. Ansari, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are now several murine models of autoimmune cholangitis that have features both similar and distinct from human PBC. One such model, the NOD.c3c4 mouse, manifests portal cell infiltrates, anti-mitochondrial antibodies but also biliary cysts. The biliary cysts are not a component of PBC and not found in the other murine models. To address the immunopathology in these mice, we generated genetically B cell deficient Igμ -/- NOD.c3c4 mice and compared the immunopathology of these animals to control B cell sufficient NOD.c3c4 mice. B cell deficient mice demonstrated decreased number of non-B cells in the liver accompanied by reduced numbers of activated natural killer cells. The degree of granuloma formation and bile duct damage were comparable to NOD.c3c4 mice. In contrast, liver inflammation, biliary cyst formation and salivary gland inflammation was significantly attenuated in these B cell deficient mice. In conclusion, B cells play a critical role in promoting liver inflammation and also contribute to cyst formation as well as salivary gland pathology in autoimmune NOD.c3c4 mice, illustrating a critical role of B cells in modulating specific organ pathology and, in particular, in exacerbating both the biliary disease and the sialadenitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume268
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Anti-mitochondrial antibodies
  • Autoimmune cholangitis
  • B cells
  • Mu deficient mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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