Avian influenza infections in nonmigrant land birds in Andean Peru

Richard A.J. Williams, Karen Segovia-Hinostroza, Bruno M. Ghersi, Victor Gonzaga, A. Townsend Peterson, Joel M. Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


As part of ongoing surveillance for avian influenza viruses (AIV) in Peruvian birds, in June 2008, we sampled 600 land birds of 177 species, using real-time reverse-transcription PCR. We addressed the assumption that AIV prevalence is low or nil among land birds, a hypothesis that was not supported by the results-rather, we found AIV infections at relatively high prevalences in birds of the orders Apodiformes (hummingbirds) and Passeriformes (songbirds). Surveillance programs for monitoring spread and identification of AIV should thus not focus solely on water birds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910-917
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of wildlife diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Avian influenza viruses
  • Ecology
  • Hummingbirds
  • Land birds
  • Peru

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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