Avian analgesia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Avian analgesia is now recognized as a critical component of avian medicine and surgery. The need to recognize pain and to provide pain relief is the first step, and many anecdotal therapeutic doses have been extrapolated from other companion animals. Several published research investigations, using several species of birds, have begun to provide avian analgesia therapeutic information for clinical application. The challenge is to continue pushing this research forward with appreciation that there are approximately 10,000 known species of birds, perhaps 200 species commonly kept as pets, and that each species has a range of behaviors as varied as their species-specific PKs and PDs to each analgesic drug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-80
Number of pages20
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Exotic Animal Practice
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Pets
analgesia
Analgesia
Birds
Pain
pets
Research
Analgesics
therapeutics
birds
Medicine
analgesics
pain
medicine
Therapeutics
surgery
dosage

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Bird
  • NSAID
  • Opioid
  • Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Avian analgesia. / Hawkins, Michelle; Paul-Murphy, Joanne R.

In: Veterinary Clinics of North America - Exotic Animal Practice, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 61-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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