Avian analgesia.

Joanne R Paul-Murphy, J. W. Ludders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding behavioral indicators of pain and other assessment techniques can help one to recognize pain in birds and prompt us to treat birds with analgesics. An analgesic plan needs to include several modalities to help reduce pain in the avian patient. Analgesic therapy should be directed at treating the disease/injury in the periphery, and the changes that occur in the central nervous system (CNS). Both opioid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapeutics can be selected to provide analgesia for the avian patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-45, vi
JournalThe veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

analgesics
analgesia
Analgesia
Analgesics
pain
Birds
Pain
therapeutics
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
birds
narcotics
Pain Measurement
Opioid Analgesics
central nervous system
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Central Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations
methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Avian analgesia. / Paul-Murphy, Joanne R; Ludders, J. W.

In: The veterinary clinics of North America. Exotic animal practice, Vol. 4, No. 1, 01.2001, p. 35-45, vi.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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