Aversion therapy for sexual deviation: Contingent shock and covert sensitization

Edward J Callahan, Harold Leitenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studied 2 different aversion therapy approaches to the treatment of sexual deviation (e.g., homosexuality) in 6 clinical referrals. Covert sensitization, which provides an imagined aversive event following imagined sexual behavior, was compared with contingent shock, which provides a physical aversive event following erection to slides depicting sexually deviant material. Replicated, counterbalanced within-S presentations of each technique were used. Treatment effects were monitored by measurement of penile circumference changes during slides presented prior to treatment sessions, and by daily subjective recording of sexual urges and fantasies as well as masturbation and sexual acts. No clear difference was found between the treatments on the penile circumference measure. On suppression of subjective measures of sexual arousal, however, covert sensitization appeared to be more effective than contingent shock. Follow-up of 4-18 mo. is reported for the individual cases. (37 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-73
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1973
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aversive Therapy
Shock
Masturbation
Fantasy
Homosexuality
Therapeutics
Arousal
Sexual Behavior
Referral and Consultation

Keywords

  • contingent shock vs. covert sensitization, sexual deviation therapy, pedophilic homosexual & homosexuals & transvestite-transsexual & exhibitionists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Aversion therapy for sexual deviation : Contingent shock and covert sensitization. / Callahan, Edward J; Leitenberg, Harold.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 1, 02.1973, p. 60-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a3e2bd3245684445a79128790c6fc4a6,
title = "Aversion therapy for sexual deviation: Contingent shock and covert sensitization",
abstract = "Studied 2 different aversion therapy approaches to the treatment of sexual deviation (e.g., homosexuality) in 6 clinical referrals. Covert sensitization, which provides an imagined aversive event following imagined sexual behavior, was compared with contingent shock, which provides a physical aversive event following erection to slides depicting sexually deviant material. Replicated, counterbalanced within-S presentations of each technique were used. Treatment effects were monitored by measurement of penile circumference changes during slides presented prior to treatment sessions, and by daily subjective recording of sexual urges and fantasies as well as masturbation and sexual acts. No clear difference was found between the treatments on the penile circumference measure. On suppression of subjective measures of sexual arousal, however, covert sensitization appeared to be more effective than contingent shock. Follow-up of 4-18 mo. is reported for the individual cases. (37 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "contingent shock vs. covert sensitization, sexual deviation therapy, pedophilic homosexual & homosexuals & transvestite-transsexual & exhibitionists",
author = "Callahan, {Edward J} and Harold Leitenberg",
year = "1973",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1037/h0034025",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "60--73",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0021-843X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aversion therapy for sexual deviation

T2 - Contingent shock and covert sensitization

AU - Callahan, Edward J

AU - Leitenberg, Harold

PY - 1973/2

Y1 - 1973/2

N2 - Studied 2 different aversion therapy approaches to the treatment of sexual deviation (e.g., homosexuality) in 6 clinical referrals. Covert sensitization, which provides an imagined aversive event following imagined sexual behavior, was compared with contingent shock, which provides a physical aversive event following erection to slides depicting sexually deviant material. Replicated, counterbalanced within-S presentations of each technique were used. Treatment effects were monitored by measurement of penile circumference changes during slides presented prior to treatment sessions, and by daily subjective recording of sexual urges and fantasies as well as masturbation and sexual acts. No clear difference was found between the treatments on the penile circumference measure. On suppression of subjective measures of sexual arousal, however, covert sensitization appeared to be more effective than contingent shock. Follow-up of 4-18 mo. is reported for the individual cases. (37 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - Studied 2 different aversion therapy approaches to the treatment of sexual deviation (e.g., homosexuality) in 6 clinical referrals. Covert sensitization, which provides an imagined aversive event following imagined sexual behavior, was compared with contingent shock, which provides a physical aversive event following erection to slides depicting sexually deviant material. Replicated, counterbalanced within-S presentations of each technique were used. Treatment effects were monitored by measurement of penile circumference changes during slides presented prior to treatment sessions, and by daily subjective recording of sexual urges and fantasies as well as masturbation and sexual acts. No clear difference was found between the treatments on the penile circumference measure. On suppression of subjective measures of sexual arousal, however, covert sensitization appeared to be more effective than contingent shock. Follow-up of 4-18 mo. is reported for the individual cases. (37 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - contingent shock vs. covert sensitization, sexual deviation therapy, pedophilic homosexual & homosexuals & transvestite-transsexual & exhibitionists

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0015876496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0015876496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/h0034025

DO - 10.1037/h0034025

M3 - Article

C2 - 4690218

AN - SCOPUS:0015876496

VL - 81

SP - 60

EP - 73

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0021-843X

IS - 1

ER -