Congenital cataracts are a common major abnormality of the eye that frequently cause blindness in infants. At least one-third of all cases are familial; autosomal-dominant congenital cataract appears to be the most- common familial form in the Western world. Elsewhere, in family ADCC-3, we mapped an autosomal-dominant cataract gene to chromosome 3q21-q22, near the gene that encodes a lens-specific beaded filament protein gene, BFSP2. By sequencing the coding regions of BFSP2, we found that a deletion mutation, ΔE233, is associated with cataracts in this family. This is the first report of an inherited cataract that is caused by a mutation in a cytoskeletal protein.
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