Automated quantitation of cell-mediated HIV type 1 infection of human syncytiotrophoblast cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization and laser scanning cytometry

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Abstract

Infection of human placental syncytiotrophoblast cells with HIV requires direct contact with infected leukocytes. In vitro investigations into mechanisms regulating placental HIV transmission and into the development of therapeutic interventions have been hampered by difficulties inherent in quantitating HIV levels in cocultures of infected lymphocytes and adherent multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast cells. Here, we have used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the direct detection of HIV-1 RNA within syncytiotrophoblast cells combined with laser scanning cytometry (LSC) to quantitate HIV levels exclusively in the syncytiotrophoblast cells. HIV-1-infected lymphocytic MOLT-4 cells were cocultured with primary human syncytiotrophoblast cells. Lymphocytic cells were identified with an anti-vimentin antibody and Cy5. HIV RNA was localized by in situ hybridization, using a digoxigenin-labeled riboprobe detected by Oregon Green, and nuclei were stained with 7-aminoactinomycin D. The three-color cocultures were analyzed by LSC to remove unwanted cell populations and quantitate HIV expression levels. The total HIV RNA level (green fluorescence integral) in each colony was normalized for cell size by dividing by the total DNA content (red fluorescence integral). The nuclear-normalized fluorescence integral was 2.3 times higher in infected cocultures than in uninfected cultures. When cocultures were incubated with 10 μM AZT, the green/red fluorescence integral value was significantly lower than that of cocultures incubated in the absence of AZT, corresponding to a 78% reduction in fluorescence. Laser scanning cytometry can be used to quantitate cell-mediated HIV infection in syncytiotrophoblast cells and should allow drug assessment studies and studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of virus entry into trophoblast cells to be carried out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-516
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Laser Scanning Cytometry
Trophoblasts
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
HIV Infections
HIV-1
Coculture Techniques
HIV
Fluorescence
RNA
Digoxigenin
Virus Internalization
Vimentin
Cell Size
In Situ Hybridization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

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title = "Automated quantitation of cell-mediated HIV type 1 infection of human syncytiotrophoblast cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization and laser scanning cytometry",
abstract = "Infection of human placental syncytiotrophoblast cells with HIV requires direct contact with infected leukocytes. In vitro investigations into mechanisms regulating placental HIV transmission and into the development of therapeutic interventions have been hampered by difficulties inherent in quantitating HIV levels in cocultures of infected lymphocytes and adherent multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast cells. Here, we have used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the direct detection of HIV-1 RNA within syncytiotrophoblast cells combined with laser scanning cytometry (LSC) to quantitate HIV levels exclusively in the syncytiotrophoblast cells. HIV-1-infected lymphocytic MOLT-4 cells were cocultured with primary human syncytiotrophoblast cells. Lymphocytic cells were identified with an anti-vimentin antibody and Cy5. HIV RNA was localized by in situ hybridization, using a digoxigenin-labeled riboprobe detected by Oregon Green, and nuclei were stained with 7-aminoactinomycin D. The three-color cocultures were analyzed by LSC to remove unwanted cell populations and quantitate HIV expression levels. The total HIV RNA level (green fluorescence integral) in each colony was normalized for cell size by dividing by the total DNA content (red fluorescence integral). The nuclear-normalized fluorescence integral was 2.3 times higher in infected cocultures than in uninfected cultures. When cocultures were incubated with 10 μM AZT, the green/red fluorescence integral value was significantly lower than that of cocultures incubated in the absence of AZT, corresponding to a 78{\%} reduction in fluorescence. Laser scanning cytometry can be used to quantitate cell-mediated HIV infection in syncytiotrophoblast cells and should allow drug assessment studies and studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of virus entry into trophoblast cells to be carried out.",
author = "Douglas, {Gordon C} and Thirkill, {T. L.} and LaSalle, {Janine M}",
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T1 - Automated quantitation of cell-mediated HIV type 1 infection of human syncytiotrophoblast cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization and laser scanning cytometry

AU - Douglas, Gordon C

AU - Thirkill, T. L.

AU - LaSalle, Janine M

PY - 2001

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N2 - Infection of human placental syncytiotrophoblast cells with HIV requires direct contact with infected leukocytes. In vitro investigations into mechanisms regulating placental HIV transmission and into the development of therapeutic interventions have been hampered by difficulties inherent in quantitating HIV levels in cocultures of infected lymphocytes and adherent multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast cells. Here, we have used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the direct detection of HIV-1 RNA within syncytiotrophoblast cells combined with laser scanning cytometry (LSC) to quantitate HIV levels exclusively in the syncytiotrophoblast cells. HIV-1-infected lymphocytic MOLT-4 cells were cocultured with primary human syncytiotrophoblast cells. Lymphocytic cells were identified with an anti-vimentin antibody and Cy5. HIV RNA was localized by in situ hybridization, using a digoxigenin-labeled riboprobe detected by Oregon Green, and nuclei were stained with 7-aminoactinomycin D. The three-color cocultures were analyzed by LSC to remove unwanted cell populations and quantitate HIV expression levels. The total HIV RNA level (green fluorescence integral) in each colony was normalized for cell size by dividing by the total DNA content (red fluorescence integral). The nuclear-normalized fluorescence integral was 2.3 times higher in infected cocultures than in uninfected cultures. When cocultures were incubated with 10 μM AZT, the green/red fluorescence integral value was significantly lower than that of cocultures incubated in the absence of AZT, corresponding to a 78% reduction in fluorescence. Laser scanning cytometry can be used to quantitate cell-mediated HIV infection in syncytiotrophoblast cells and should allow drug assessment studies and studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of virus entry into trophoblast cells to be carried out.

AB - Infection of human placental syncytiotrophoblast cells with HIV requires direct contact with infected leukocytes. In vitro investigations into mechanisms regulating placental HIV transmission and into the development of therapeutic interventions have been hampered by difficulties inherent in quantitating HIV levels in cocultures of infected lymphocytes and adherent multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast cells. Here, we have used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the direct detection of HIV-1 RNA within syncytiotrophoblast cells combined with laser scanning cytometry (LSC) to quantitate HIV levels exclusively in the syncytiotrophoblast cells. HIV-1-infected lymphocytic MOLT-4 cells were cocultured with primary human syncytiotrophoblast cells. Lymphocytic cells were identified with an anti-vimentin antibody and Cy5. HIV RNA was localized by in situ hybridization, using a digoxigenin-labeled riboprobe detected by Oregon Green, and nuclei were stained with 7-aminoactinomycin D. The three-color cocultures were analyzed by LSC to remove unwanted cell populations and quantitate HIV expression levels. The total HIV RNA level (green fluorescence integral) in each colony was normalized for cell size by dividing by the total DNA content (red fluorescence integral). The nuclear-normalized fluorescence integral was 2.3 times higher in infected cocultures than in uninfected cultures. When cocultures were incubated with 10 μM AZT, the green/red fluorescence integral value was significantly lower than that of cocultures incubated in the absence of AZT, corresponding to a 78% reduction in fluorescence. Laser scanning cytometry can be used to quantitate cell-mediated HIV infection in syncytiotrophoblast cells and should allow drug assessment studies and studies aimed at understanding the mechanism of virus entry into trophoblast cells to be carried out.

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