Autologous Peripheral Blood Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Dogs with B-cell Lymphoma

Jennifer Willcox, A. Pruitt, S. E. Suter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Peripheral blood CD34+ hematopoietic cell transplantation (PBHCT) is commonly used to treat human patients with relapsed non-Hodgkin diffuse, large B-cell lymphoma with cure rates approaching 50%. Objective: To determine the safety and feasibility of performing PBHCT to treat canine B-cell lymphoma (LSA) patients in a clinical academic setting. Animals: Twenty-four client-owned dogs diagnosed with B-cell LSA. Methods: After high-dose cyclophosphamide and rhG-colony-stimulating factor treatment, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected using cell separator machines. The harvested cells then were infused after a 10 Gy dose of total body irradiation (TBI). Post-irradiation adverse effects were managed symptomatically and dogs were discharged upon evidence of engraftment. Results: More than 2 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg were harvested in 23/24 dogs. Preapheresis peripheral blood monocyte count was correlated with the number of CD34+ cells/kg harvested. Twenty-one of 24 (87.5%) dogs engrafted appropriately, whereas 2 dogs (8.3%) died in the hospital. One (5%) dog exhibited delayed engraftment and died 45 days after PBHCT. One dog developed presumed TBI-induced pulmonary fibrosis approximately 8 months after PBHCT. The median disease-free interval and overall survival (OS) of all dogs from the time of PBHCT was 271 and 463 days, respectively. Five of 15 (33%) dogs transplanted before they relapsed remain in clinical remission for their disease at a median OS of 524 days (range, 361-665 days). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: In most cases, PBHCT led to complete hematologic reconstitution. Therefore, PBHCT may be considered as a treatment option for dogs with B-cell lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1155-1163
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Canine B-cell lymphoma
  • CD34+ transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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