Auditory function in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus

M. A. Birchall, R. G. Wight, P. D. French, Z. Cockbain, S. J M Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


A prospective study of auditory function in 18 HIV positive male patients at different CDC (Centres for Disease Control) stages was undertaken. One-third had abnormalities on either auditory evoked response testing or pure tone audiometry. No correlation was found between interwave latencies I-V, I-III, III-V and stage of disease determined either clinically or by T-cell subset. There was a weak correlation between pure tone averages at 1, 2, 4 kHz and 2, 4, 8 kHz and T-cell subset ratio in CDC Group IV disease (Rs = 0.56 and 0.57 respectively; P < 0.05). Abnormalities of BSER were similar to those previously reported in HIV infection, and suggest isolated changes within the brain-stem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-121
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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